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Windows Server 2008 R2 Thread, DFS - Can this work? in Technical; Let's say we have two servers, 1 & 2. Server 1 has a H: drive which hosts all staff accounts ...
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    Hightower's Avatar
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    DFS - Can this work?

    Let's say we have two servers, 1 & 2.

    Server 1 has a H: drive which hosts all staff accounts and some student accounts.
    Server 2 has a H: drive which hosts the rest of the student accounts.

    Is it possible to set up DFS so that when I browse to \\DOMAIN.internal\\DFSRoot\ it will show all the folders from server 1 and server 2, in one location.

    Is that what DFS does, or do I have the wrong idea of it? I don't want the files to be replicated from one server to the next, just a location that is a 'shortcut' if you like to all the files/folders on both servers.

    I'll explain why I want this for better understanding. I have a GPO which redirects AppData. I can't put in the redirection entry "\\server1\AppData\%username%" because the accounts on server 2 will not work properly then. So I thought by being able to put "\\DOMAIN.internal\DFSRoot\AppData\%username%" it will find the correct server for where those files are.

    Is this not how DFS works? Or have I got the wrong end of the stick?

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    localzuk's Avatar
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    It should do exactly that, yes. You don't have to have replication enabled to do that.

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    teejay's Avatar
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    You'd be better in the group policy for the appdate folder redirection using the advanced option to specify different locations by user group. For us, we seperate the student by year group, makes it much easier to manage rather than having all the redirected folders in one folder on the server.
    So you'd have something like:
    \\server1\AppData\09students
    \\server1\AppData\10students
    etc..

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    jinnantonnixx's Avatar
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    DFS causes all replication partners to have identical copies of the data on their DFS shares. It's not a mix; they are identical. If a file is added, changed or deleted in one of the replication partners, this change is peculated through the system to the other partners.

    DFS in 2008 uses block-level replication which is much more efficient that pre-2008 (which had to copy a whole file even if 1 bit changed).

    You might be thinking of the Libraries function?

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    yup. can do that!. \\server\namespace then add server1 and server2 as folder targets

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    localzuk's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by jinnantonnixx View Post
    DFS causes all replication partners to have identical copies of the data on their DFS shares. It's not a mix; they are identical. If a file is added, changed or deleted in one of the replication partners, this change is peculated through the system to the other partners.

    DFS in 2008 uses block-level replication which is much more efficient that pre-2008 (which had to copy a whole file even if 1 bit changed).

    You might be thinking of the Libraries function?
    No it doesn't. DFS and FRS can be used independently or together - you don't have to have replication if you don't want to.

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    Hightower's Avatar
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    I've tried adding a namespace, and then a new folder called Staff. The staff folder has targets of \\S1\Staff and \\S2\Staff, but when I browse to DOMAIN.Internal\DFSRoot I only see the folders that are present on S1, not those that are on S2.

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    teejay's Avatar
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    If your not using replication, then the folders have to be different names to see them both. if you are using replication then the local computer will connect to one of them and the data replicates to the other and if the connection failes it will start using the other one.

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    RabbieBurns's Avatar
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    sorry to hijack the thread but its pretty much on topic.

    Each of us in the IT Dept has a c:\ISO folder where I keep the latest MS volume license images. At the moment, I manually update each of our folders. This is tedious. We all run 2008R2 as our daily workstations.

    Would I use DFS with file replication to be able to have each workstation have its own local copy of the ISOs, but they would automatically update whenever I downloaded a new ISO into my local ISO folder?

    (never Used dfs, just stumbled upon this thread which made me think)

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    eean's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by RabbieBurns View Post
    sorry to hijack the thread but its pretty much on topic.

    Each of us in the IT Dept has a c:\ISO folder where I keep the latest MS volume license images. At the moment, I manually update each of our folders. This is tedious. We all run 2008R2 as our daily workstations.

    Would I use DFS with file replication to be able to have each workstation have its own local copy of the ISOs, but they would automatically update whenever I downloaded a new ISO into my local ISO folder?

    (never Used dfs, just stumbled upon this thread which made me think)
    I don't think it can work on workstations. TBH it'd be quicker to use a xcopy script or one of the many file replication tools out there.

    You can't merge 2 files from different servers as the OP wants to do... windows wouldn't be able to cope with 2 folders potentially with the same name. If you set them up as a replica then you will have a copy of everything on each server. Windows should (depending how you set it up) spread the load accross the servers. This would make reads quicker (because it's only accessing 1 server) but writes slower - because windows is having to communcate with another server to update the replica.

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    RabbieBurns's Avatar
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    We all run 2008R2 as our daily workstations.

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    eean's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by RabbieBurns View Post
    We all run 2008R2 as our daily workstations.
    Then yes, it would work.

  13. Thanks to eean from:

    RabbieBurns (31st March 2011)

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    RabbieBurns's Avatar
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    coolio.. thanks..

    Having never used it before Im trying to find some sort of how-to guide.. but I cant seem to find a technet doc or anyththing about how to set it up..

    anyone got any beginnsers guides to DFS?

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    mrbios's Avatar
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    Any specific reason you're running 2008R2 on your workstations? sounds like a waste of licensing money to me. and why not just have one ISO folder and share it?

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    because they are quite powerfull machines (6 core with 16gb ram, 2tb raid 10) and we use them as our hyperv testbed cluster amongst other things.

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