albertwt (3rd March 2011)
Over the summer we have stepped in to the world of virtualisation using Citrix XenServer. Now that this is in place we are looking to virtualise a few of our other low use servers. Due to OS support we are now also using ESXi 4.0.
I have managed to P2V a Windows 2003 box on to our ESXi server but am now confused about how the networking of this guest OS works. Under XenServer, you assign the guest machine an IP address as you would a physical machine. In ESXi I am now shown two "VMWare Virtual Ethernet Adapter" devices with 192.168.x.x addresses. I presume that there is some NAT happening, somewhere, but I had intended to keep this virtualised machine in its original IP address.
Can any ESXi users tell me how I can get this virtual machine to use it's original IP? Or quickly explain EXSi's guest networking system?
In ESXi you create virtual switches. By default just one is set up, but really you want 2-3, one for your management network, one for your vm's to use and one to connect to your SAN. You don't connect individual physical nics to your VM's virtual nics, you just assign the VM to a virtual switch.
From vSphere client Configuration>"Network Adaptors" view.
Column - "Observed IP Ranges" Shows IP's on the network for information purposes only.
This is to help you identify NIC's and networks only.
From vSphere client Configuration>Network view
You create a vswitch then attach a NIC and VM's to a vswitch.
ESXi will have a default vswitch0 with a single NIC attached.
VM Guest network interface is assigned to Network Label (vswitch network) and IP's are setup in the VM Guest only.
For a better explanation see http://www.vmware.com/pdf/vsphere4/r...ver_config.pdf
Thanks - I have downloaded the manual to read as this is a new concept.
What I am still unclear on, is why after converting this machine from P2V, it now gives the host two network adapters, both with 192 addresses? Will my virtualised server still be able to be on it's original IP address? I did try setting the virtual adapters (alternately) to the static IP I wish to use, but I do not get any network connectivity.
You probably haven't got network connectivity because you will probably have the network card connected to the default virtual switch, which is usually the one the management interface is on. You need to create a new virtual switch and link it to the physical network cards you want to use and then in the settings for the network card for the VM you set it to connect to the correct virtual switch.
Main places to look in the VSphere client, click on the Virtual host server and on the configuration tab look in the networking section for setting up virtual switches.
On the virtual machine, in VSpehere right click on it, go to edit settings and then you can remove/add network cards and also change the switch the network card is attached to.
iSteve (27th August 2009)
Got it working now. I had not set up the two interfaces correctly. I now have one management, and one for VM traffic. All working! Thanks for your help.
I have installed a ESXi 4.0 installable on a VMplayer machine and got it working (it can run vm inside) but I have a problem. I can connect only to the management network from outside, an VMs that run into ESXi cannot connect to the outside. I have created another virtual switch with a nic connected to it. This nic is in a network 192.168.137.0/24 and the ip range is detected correctly from the ESXi server (it is visible in the vsphere client).But when I attach a virtual machine to the vswitch (setting up a vport of course) I cannot get any connection to the outside and I cannot get any config from the outside DHCP server. Even if I config the ip manually I don't get any connection.
Do you have any idea why this doesn't work?
I figured that VM networking doesn't work with VMplayer and VMware fusion. Because I tried it on a real machine and I didn't have any problem. Anyway perhaps it works with newer version of vmware player or with vmware workstation (haven't tried that)
You are great, can you kindly teach me steps by steps with screen captures how to make Esxi 4 networking work on WM guest? I have one NIC with a management IP which is a public IP. I can remote login/manage the Server from outside thru this IP, how can I setup to make guest OS to get thru internet?
Thanks a lot!
The problem I had, was that the server that the ESXi sat on could only connect to a single VLAN - which restricted how I could use it somewhat.
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