Ditto and his colleagues are stripping down their chaotic circuits to see just how few transistors they can get away with. They calculate that they can reduce the 750 million transistors used in one of the latest graphics processor chips by an order of magnitude. "We might get away with 75 million transistors," he says. This is not just an matter of saving space. Powerful graphics chips consume a large amount of power and throw out heat that has to be removed. Chaogates could reduce power consumption and perhaps eliminate the need for fans to keep these chips from overheating.